India correlates Daruharidra to Berberis aristata DC of Key words: Antimicrobial activity, Daruharidra, eye infection, methanolic stem extract. The highest antimicrobial activity of B. aristata root extract was found against S. aureus ( mm) in acetonic extract with an MIC of mg mL-1 and that of leaf . The antimicrobial activity of hydroalcoholic extracts of four Berberis species viz. Berberis aristata, Berberis asiatica, Berberis chitria and Berberis lycium were.

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Also, the decoction of leaves is used as anti-scorbutic in dysentery, scurvy angina, and sore throat. Phytochemical and biological screening of Berberis aristata. Pharmacological and biological effects So far, many pharmacological and wntimicrobial effects of various species of Berberis have been reported, some of which are summarized below in Table 1.

Footnotes Source of Support: Of the six organisms tested, the extracts showed activity against only three eye infecting pathogens. Antifungal Activity The quantitative assessment of the zones of inhibition revealed the antifungal potential of the extracts against all the tested fungal species, with the exception of leaf extract that showed no inhibitory activity against A. It has significant medicinal value in the traditional Indian and Chinese system of medicine.

Phenols and phenolic compounds are greatly used in antimicronial infections, wound healing, inflammation; antioxidant, immune enhancers, anti clotting and hormone modulators [17].

Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Berberis Species

The sterilized materials were grounded with a sterile pestle and mortar in sterile distilled water ml. The filtrate was shaken with 5ml of chloroform. Most Viewed Archives Morphological and biochemical characterization of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. Bereberine and other similar alkaloids have been identified as the main responsible natural compounds for diverse medicinal properties.

Antimicrobiwl of plant material was done in the Scan Research Laboratory Indripuri Bhopal and placed in herbarium and was well documented. The preliminary phytochemical screening of the extracts showed the presence of secondary metabolites to which the antimicrobial activity demonstrated by the plant might be attributed to.

Root and stem extracts were equally active against the employed strains, aristxta their respective zones of inhibition of mm; while mm zones of inhibition were observed with the leaf extract.


Published reviews have described a majority of antimicrobial effects of the extracts of Berberis species have been accredited to their secondary metabolites, especially alkaloids. Biol Pharm Bull ; Medicinal flora is being extensively investigated for the development of new drugs that can treat microbial infections cheaply and with a good safety profile as compared to the allopathic medicines that are associated with undesirable side effects [2].

Antibacterial and antifungal activities of the root, stem and leaf antkmicrobial of the plant were assayed against the bacterial strains E. A review on phytochemistry of Cuminum cyminum seeds and its standards from field to market. The present study clearly reveals the antimicrobial nature of Berberis aristata and recommended that this plant could be exploited in the management of diseases caused by microbes in plants and animals.

Support Center Support Center. The phytochemical analysis of the methanolic extracts of leaves, stems and roots of B. Crocus sativusCuminum cyminum and Berberis vulgaris are important medicinal food plants growing widely in Iran and also cultivated for their nutritional purposes and economic significance.

A dark green coloration was indicative of the presence of tannins [27]. Present study includes determination of phytochemical analysis, antimicrobial study and estimation of total flavonoid content. The present study revealed remarkable antibacterial and activitg activities of the methanolic B. Tamilselvi Saravanakumar, Padma Venkatasubramanian, N. Kant BT, Biswapati M. On a single flower-head, the flowers are appears alone or in racemes.

Among the several species of this genus, Berberis vulgaris berberix well known and its fruits have been used in the preparation of a special dish with rice and also in Berberis juice. Clinical isolates of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria were collected from the Scan Research laboratory Indripuri Bhopal for anti microbial activity assay.

The antimicrobial activity of Berberis aristata extract against tested bacterias may be due to the presence of secondary metabolites mainly berberine, an isoquinoine alkaloid with a activkty yellow colour. These were monitored regularly and the percentage results calculated after seven days were found to be dose dependent; the activities increasing with the berberiz in concentration of extracts.

Phytochemical and biological screening of Berberis aristata » Advancements in Life Sciences

The plant contains berberine, oxycanthine, epiberberine, palmatine, dehydrocaroline, jatrorhizine and columbamine,[4] karachine,[5] Four alkaloids, pakistanine, 1-Omethylpakistanine, pseudopalmatine chloride and pseudoberberine chloride[4,6].


The root extract of B. Phytochemical analysis of some medicinal plants from western region of India. The entire testing was carried out by agar well diffusion method after obtaining the samples from clinical laboratory in Coimbatore. Pollen flora of Pakistan-LXV.

Antimmicrobial in contact lens associated microbial keratitis in southern India. The highest antimicrobial activity was found against E. The filtrate was taken and addition of four drops of Dragendorf reagent yielded an orange red precipitate that confirmed the presence of alkaloids [27]. International Book Publications; ; berveris Activity of Berberis aetnensis root extracts on candida strains. Statistical Analysis Data were statistically analyzed by using either one way or two way analysis of variance ANOVA Results Preliminary phytochemical analysis of Berberis aristata showed the presence of carbohydrate, glycoside, alkaloid, flavonoid while protein, saponin, triterpenoids and fats and fixed oils were absent.

Besides this problem, barberry is not so familiar to people outside Iran. An overview on saffron, phytochemicals, and medicinal properties.

The root extract of Berberis aristata were found to be mainly active in inhibiting the growth of gram positive bacteria and gram negative bacteria. Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; The plant extracts also demonstrate significant antioxidant antimicrboial [18].

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Berberis aristata belongs to the family Berberidaceae, is an important medicinal plant. Flavonoids have a membrane permeability effect and are considered as potential antioxidants and have caring action against allergies, inflammation, platelet aggregation, microbes, ulcers and hepatoxins, [16 — 19]. Thus, this ebrberis can be used as a potential alternative treatment against drug resistant pathogens.

They are yellow or orange, mm long, with both six sepals and petals usually with similar color in alternating whorls. The flavonoids in the presence of aluminum chloride have an deep yellow fluorescence which observed under UV spectrophotometer at nm. Agar well diffusion method Antibacterial and antifungal activities of the methanolic extracts of leaves, stem and roots of B.