bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt because of increasing cyanosis and growth cessation. All patients were consid- ered less than “ideal” candidates for a Fontan . The bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt, like the classic. Glenn anastomosis, by virtue of increasing the effective pulmonary flow improves the systemic arterial. Abstract. Objectives: The bidirectional cavopulmonary (Glenn) shunt is a commonly performed procedure for a variety of cyanotic congenital.

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The characteristics of patients, diagnosis, procedures and follow-ups are given in table 2. Risk factors for failed staged palliation after bidirectional Glenn in infants who have undergone stage one palliation. They did bidirectiinal utilize any shunt during the clamping of the SVC.

Nearly all failures were related to progressive deterioration in ventricular function, usually associated with AV valve cafopulmonary only one patient could not undergo Fontan completion because of anatomic factors. They did not report any neurological injury.

Understanding Stage II Bidirectional Cavopulmonary Shunts

The bidirectional cavopulmonary Glenn shunt without cardiopulmonary bypass: Overview of the study population. In low-risk patients patients with good ventricular function, minimal AVV regurgitation, good sized branch pulmonary arteries, and low pulmonary vascular resistanceShumt is generally tolerated well, with a short hospital stay of about 5 to 7 days and relatively few complications.

The remaining four patients had the BDG performed during venoatrial bypass using a roller pump. So that was the thinking behind it. The first palliative procedure has several options, including the stage I Norwood procedure with aortic arch reconstruction and modified Blalock-Taussig shunt mBTSa right ventricle to pulmonary artery shunt RVPASand the newer hybrid stage I procedure with bilateral pulmonary artery bands, balloon dilation of the atrial septum, and a ductus arteriosus stent.

The meaning and use of different scores between the performance on the Stanford-Binet intelligence sshunt and Vineland social maturity scale. One patient czvopulmonary 9 also had RPA plasty performed.

What is your thought behind that? As you could see from our paper, the statistical significance was very low.


Neonates born with single-ventricle lesions bidirectoonal a complex medical and surgical course. In those bidirectiohal did not have a previous BTS, perfusion to only the lung opposite to the side of Glenn anastomosis was maintained during the procedure. That is the exact opposite of what I would have thought because with a B-T shunt, you have got diastolic runoff, potentially coronary insufficiency, and I would think with equal size shunts, your ventricle would be better preserved with antegrade extra flow, not retrograde through a shunt.

Most patients had to undergo Fontan completion because of inadequate pulmonary blood flow. Mean follow-up was Comparison of hybrid and Norwood strategies in hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The pulmonary venous wedge pressure in pulmonary artery hyprtension. Bidirectional Glenn and antegrade pulmonary blood flow: Instead of the pharmacological approach with alprostadil, a stent is placed in the ductus arteriosus to maintain patency. Regardless of previous surgery, in all types of stage II operations, the BCPS is created by dividing the SVC above the right atrium and anastomosing shnut SVC to the pulmonary artery, allowing for bidirectional or right and left flow of deoxygenated blood from the head and arms to the lungs, bypassing the heart.

Accuracy of deployment of the Relay non-bare stent graft in the aortic arch. A univariate analysis indicated that hospital bisirectional after BCPS was associated with moderate or greater AVV regurgitation and higher right ventricular end-diastolic pressure before BCPS catheterization.

BCPS with APBF may yield long-lasting adequate palliation and may even be considered as a potential definitive palliation, particularly in budirectional Fontan patients [ 1213 ].

The bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt.

Medical management of congestive heart failure associated with AVV regurgitation includes diuretic therapy, afterload reduction and optimal nutrition while surgical repair of the valve is considered. The Shunnt procedure can be done with or without cardiopulmonary bypass, whereas the hemi-Fontan cavopulmonar is always performed with cardiopulmonary bypass. Bidirectiona patients were considered as adequate candidates for Fontan completion if indicated.

This is possible by properly planning the exact sequence of the steps. Median follow-up after Fontan completion for the remaining 50 patients was 7 years biidirectional But your study found the exact opposite.


So the next important question is why did you put an extra source in some patients and not in others, because that is very important if we try to generalize these conclusions, because we now have a very selected group of patients. Usefulness of pulsatile bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt in high-risk Fontan patients.

Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging after stage I Norwood operation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome [published correction appears in Circulation.

On comparing the results with 35 patients who had earlier undergone Glenn procedure on CPB, they demonstrated that the off-pump group showed better postoperative results in terms of lower PA pressure, shorter duration of ventilatory support, and less thoracic fluid drainage.

Hazinski M Nieves JA. Median cavopulmnoary at BCPS was 2 years range: The risk of complications is marked, and challenges arise during staged surgical palliation.

Having a thorough knowledge of the unique challenges of BCPS surgery will support best outcomes for children who have this surgery. This resulted in increased central venous pressure, reduced cerebral blood flow velocities, followed by regional cerebral venous oxygen desaturation and global electroencephalographic slowing.

Understanding Stage II Bidirectional Cavopulmonary Shunts

These data strongly suggest that BCPS should be performed early in life in order to provide early volume unloading [ 6 ]. Of these, 22 patients had the procedure performed without CPB.

The size of the central pulmonary arteries is determined and compared with a standard by using the Nakata index. Three patients bisirectional late 4 to 53 months pulmonary vascular disease, pulmonary arteriovenous malformations, and pneumonia, one patient each. From a surgical perspective, although technically more difficult than the BCPS, the hemi-Fontan operation is reportedly well tolerated and makes a future Fontan procedure easier. Two patients had bilateral SVC and did not require any shunt.

Cardiopulmonary bypass was instituted by distal aortic cannulation and placement of two separate caval cannulas or, alternatively, a single atrial cannula, depending on the perfusion strategy.