call progress indicators, 38 call progress tone, voice port configuration, call calculating payback period, – carriers (PBX systems),– CAS. Question 1) I was looking at example from Official Press http:// This book is designed to provide information about CCNA Voice. Every effort . author to produce a lab book for the CCNA Voice certification. I owe her even.

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Security Device Manager SDM — Which was a grapical interface to configure your router so you did not have to learn the command line. Back in these days when I achieved my CCNA, the classroom I sat in each student had one router and we had to partner up with another student to see routes propagate between our routers.

We will touch on this more in a bit. I think that is pretty impressive given how quickly things are obsolete today. Well, that is what they were selling at the time.

However, this left a glaring hole for those who wanted to break into the new and exciting world of computer networking. Cisco Switch The reason we are covering what was on the initial exam to the current day exam is so you can see that the core of the CCNA exam has been relatively unchanged in 15 years!

It never really took off and it was removed about 2 years later while still the exam. Static Routing — Still a base concept you must understand to be a successful network engineer.

The first way was the tradition single exam which is now called the composite exam. Ccnz Cisco included simulation questions in which you had to actually configure interfaces at the CLI as these types of questions are a lot harder to memorize.


If you do not understand this, you will not pass the exam. These simulations were based on the Cisco series of routers and the series of switches.

Now we mentioned Cisco was now providing you a few different options to obtain your CCNA certification.

OSI Model — The foundation of how data travels up and down the data stack and allows for inter-operability.

Some of the fringe technologies change here and there, but nothing earth shattering. As before, we will first note what was removed from the exam which was formally SDM, Wireless, and Security as mentioned above.

We also had one switch to share between the whole class of 12 students! History of the CCNA Voide Given that you are about to take on the challenge of obtaining your Cisco CCNA certification, you probably should know a little about the history of how it came about and how it evolved.

Most of you probably have no idea what I am even talking about.

Binary-Hex-Decimal Conversions — Although you still need to know binary to decimal conversions to be proficient in subnetting, the hexidecimal conversions were dropped. Cisco Switch Wireless — This is just being touched on the very basics in this revision of the exam. So fast forward two years to and exam The CCIE certification was aimed at those hardcore networking geeks in the early days of corporate networking.

Cisco actually called this the CCNA 2. Due to the simulation questions, Cisco increased the time allocated for the exam from 75 minutes to 90 minutes. Frame Relay — Still on the exam for large networks that span multiple geographic locations. Security — Cisco starts to introduce the concept of Security as hacking is becoming more of a corporate concern.

History of the CCNA Certification –

We will see that evolve later. It was seems that Cisco beefed up the Switching portion of the exam a little bit in this revision. Then in late we had some significant changes and the exam was introduced. This was a single exam and the exam number was I have no idea why so many other articles state the first exam was First we will look at the items that were on the initial exam and that still reside on the current exam so you can see the core has not changed that much.


Good times though back then. So this was one of the core topics you would cover on the exam.

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Finally to and the new CCNA exam. They also decreased the number of questions on the exam from 60 to 70 to 55 to 65 questions per exam. ISDN — Remember the days of thinking how fast two 56kbps modems basically bundled together were? Classless routing including VLSMs — now we are making subnetting really hard and interesting. So what was added? The voive exam consisted voide questions and 90 minutes to complete them all.

As these certifications were introduced, it seems we seen that there was less focus on seeing these concepts on the CCNA exam as they seemed to be phased out during the exam run.


This helped to keep the question pool fresh. So you can see how much they have dropped in price over the years. There were very few changes in syntax and commands from a CCNA level perspective between