CHOGHA ZANBIL PDF

Model of the ziggurat of Choga Zanbil. In the center of the ancient Elamite city of Dur-Untaš stood the ziggurat, a type of monument that was. Choghā Zanbīl, also spelled Tchoghā Zanbīl or Choga Zambil, ruined palace and temple complex of the ancient Elamite city of Dur Untashi (Dur Untash), near. A. Sutherland – – The Chogha Zanbil, meaning “basket mound ” is the oldest existing ziggurat in the Near East. Located in.

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The ruins of the holy city of the Kingdom of Elam, surrounded by three huge concentric walls, are found at Tchogha Zanbil. De stad choghx circa voor Christus opgericht en bleef onvoltooid nadat het werd binnengevallen door Assurbanipal, zoals blijkt uit de duizenden ongebruikte stenen gevonden op deze plek. Deze tempel stond oorspronkelijk in het midden van een vierkant gebouw en was gewijd aan de Soemerische god Inshushinak.

De tempel werd omgezet in een ziggurat en vormt daar de eerste verdieping van. The principal element of this complex is an enormous ziggurat choghw to the Elamite divinities Inshushinak and Napirisha. It is the largest ziggurat outside of Mesopotamia and the best preserved of this type of stepped pyramidal monument.

The archaeological site of Tchogha Zanbil is an exceptional expression of the culture, beliefs, and ritual traditions of one of the oldest indigenous peoples of Iran. The archaeological chhogha of Tchogha Zanbil covers a vast, arid plateau overlooking the rich valley of the river Xanbil Diz and its forests.

The complex was protected by three concentric enclosure walls: The ziggurat originally measured Mud brick was the basic material of the whole ensemble.

The ziggurat was given a facing of baked bricks, a number of which have cuneiform characters giving the names of deities in the Elamite and Akkadian languages. Though the ziggurat now stands only Studies of the ziggurat zanbip the rest of the archaeological site of Tchogha Zanbil containing other temples, residences, tomb-palaces, and water reservoirs have made an important contribution to our knowledge about the architecture of this period of the Elamites, whose ancient culture persisted into the emerging Achaemenid First Persian Empire, which changed the face of the civilised world at that time.

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The ruins of Susa and of Tchogha Zanbil are the sole testimonies to the architectural development of the middle Elamite period BCE.

The ziggurat at Zambil Zanbil remains to this day the best preserved monument of this type and the largest outside of Mesopotamia.

Chogha Zanbil Ziggurat | Shush Attractions | Travel to Iran

Within the boundaries of the property are located all the elements and components necessary to express the Outstanding Universal Value of the property, including, among others, the concentric walls, the royal quarter, the temples, various dependencies, and the ziggurat. Almost none of the various architectural elements and spaces has been removed or suffered major damage.

The integrity of the landscape and lifestyle of the indigenous communities has largely been protected due to being away from urban areas. Identified threats to the integrity of the property include heavy rainfalls, which can zanbol a damaging effect on exposed mud-brick structures; a change in the course of the river Ab-e Diz, which threatens the outer wall; sugar cane cultivation and processing, which have altered traditional land use and increased air and water pollution; and deforestation of the river valleys.

Visitors were banned from climbing the ziggurat inand a lighting system has been installed and guards stationed at the site to protect it from illegal excavations. The historical monuments of the archaeological site of Tchogha Zanbil are authentic in terms of their forms and design, materials and substance, and locations and setting. Several conservation measures have been undertaken since the original excavations of the site between andbut they have not usually disturbed its historical authenticity.

Tchogha Zanbil was registered in the national list of Iranian monuments as item no. Relevant national laws and regulations concerning the property include the National Heritage Protection Lawupdated and the Legal bill on preventing clandestine diggings and illegal excavations.

The inscribed World Heritage property, which is owned by the Government of Iran, and its buffer zone are administered by the Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization which is administered and funded by the Government of Iran.

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A Management Plan was prepared in and has since been implemented. Planning for tourism management, landscaping, and emergency evacuation for the property has been accomplished and implementation was in progress in A research centre has undertaken daily, monthly, and annual monitoring of the property since Financial resources for Tchogha Zanbil are provided through national budgets.

Conservation activities have been undertaken within a general framework, including development of scientific research programs; comprehensive conservation of the property and its natural-historical context; expansion of the conservation program to the surrounding environment; concentration on engaging the public and governmental organizations and agencies; and according special attention to programs for training and presentation with the aim of developing cultural tourism based on sustainable development.

Objectives include research programs and promotion of a conservation management culture; scientific and comprehensive conservation of the property and surrounding area; and development of training and introductory programmes.

In addition, any outstanding recommendations of past expert missions to the property should be addressed.

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Tchogha Zanbil

Country Region Year Name of the property. Tchogha Zanbil The ruins of the holy city of the Kingdom of Elam, surrounded by three huge concentric walls, are found at Tchogha Zanbil. Integrity Choghs the boundaries of the property are located all the elements and components necessary to express the Outstanding Universal Value of the property, including, among others, the concentric walls, the royal quarter, the temples, various dependencies, and the ziggurat.

Authenticity The historical monuments of the archaeological site of Tchogha Zanbil are authentic in terms of their forms and design, materials and substance, and locations and setting. Iran Islamic Republic of. State of Conservation SOC by year Donate Now Donate now and help preserve World Heritage sites.