Terra sigillata: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der griechischen und römischen by Hans Dragendorff. Publication date Publisher A. Marcus. Dragendorff: H. Dragendorff, Terra Sigillata, Bon- ner Jahrbiicher 96 () Hermet: F. Hermet, La Graufesenque (). Ludowici: W. Ludowici. Hans Dragendorff, “Terra sigillata. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der griechischen und römischen Keramik”, Bonner Jahrbücher 96 (),

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File:RMB – Terra sigillata – Wikimedia Commons

Pottery production continued, but in the 3rd century, it reverted to being a local industry. African red slip wares. These high-quality tablewares were particularly popular and widespread in the Western Roman Empire from about 50 BC to the early 3rd century AD.

Ateius, stamped their products, and the names of the factory-owners and of the terrw within yerra factories, which often appear on completed bowls and on plain wares, have been extensively studied, as have the forms of the vessels, and the details of their dating and distribution.

The Best Books of Although the establishment of sigillata potteries in Gaul may well have arisen initially to meet local demand and to undercut the prices of imported Italian goods, they became enormously successful in their own right, and by the later 1st century AD, South Gaulish samian was being exported not only to other provinces in the north-west of the Empire, but also to Italy and other regions of the Mediterranean, North Africa and even the eastern Empire.

The deep form of the Dr. Terra sigillata is also used as a brushable decorative colourant medium in higher temperature glazed ceramic techniques. Terra sigillata is a term with at least three distinct meanings: Large crystals of this mineral are black but as the size decreases to sub-micron the colour shifts to red.

The centres of production were in the Roman provinces of Africa ProconsularisByzacena and Numidia ; that is, modern Tunisia and part of eastern Algeria.

Italian sigillata was not made only at or near Arezzo itself: The ware is then burnished with a soft cloth before the water in the terra sigillata soaks into the porous body or with a hard, smooth-surfaced object. It now appears as a result of this recent work that this is not the case and that the colour of the glossy slip is in fact due to no more than the crystal size of the minerals dispersed within dragendorgf matrix glass.


Sigillta quality of the ware and the slip is usually excellent, and some of dragendorfd products of Les Martres-de-Veyre, in particular, are outstanding, with a lustrous slip and a very hard, dense body.

Monographiae, Ed. Production had already begun at Lezoux in the Augustan period Augustus, reg. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. From about the 4th century AD, competent copies of the fabric and forms were also made in several other regions, including Asia Minordragendorft eastern Mediterranean and Egypt.

University of Nebraska Digital Commons. There is a great variety of monogram crosses and plain crosses amongst the stamps. Centuries before Italian terra sigillata was made, Attic painted vasesand later their regional variants made in Italy, involved the preparation of a very fine clay body covered with a slip that fired to a glossy surface without the need for any polishing or burnishing.

The first published study of Arretine ware was that of Fabroni in[27] and by the late 19th and early 20th centuries, German scholars in particular had made great advances in systematically studying and understanding both Arretine ware and the Gaulish samian that occurred on Roman military sites being excavated in Germany.

Small, localised attempts to make conventional relief-decorated samian ware included a brief and unsuccessful venture at Colchester in Britain, apparently initiated by potters from the East Gaulish factories at Sinzig, a centre that was itself an offshoot of the Trier workshops.

Ludowici created his own type-series, which sometimes overlaps with those of other sigillata specialists. In the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire, there had been several industries making fine red tablewares with smooth, glossy-slipped surfaces since about the middle of the 2nd century BC, well before the rise of the Italian sigillata workshops.

There is a small sub-class of Central Gaulish samian ware with a glossy black slip, though the dividing line between black terra sigillata and other fine black-gloss wares, which were also manufactured in the area, is sometimes hazy.

The products of the Italian workshops are also known as Aretine ware from Arezzo sigiloata have been collected and admired since the Renaissance. The parallel with ‘china’ is the reason why the late Professor Sigi,lata Birley favoured the use of a lower-case initial for ‘samian’.

File:RMB – Terra sigillata 2.jpg

The fraction of aluminium has a similar effect. Decorative motifs reflected not only the Graeco-Roman traditions of the Mediterranean, but eventually the rise of Christianity as well. Mortariafood-preparation bowls with a gritted interior surface, were ddragendorff made in Central Gaulish samian fabric in the second half of the 2nd century Dr.


Library resources about Terra sigillata. Vessel-forms that had been made in South Dragendorft continued to be produced, though as the decades passed, they evolved and changed with dragendprff normal shifts of fashion, and some new shapes were created, such as the plain bowl with a horizontal flange below the rim, Dr. Uses authors parameter All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from July Commons category link from Wikidata.

The colour of haematite depends on the crystal size. Larger human and animal figures could be used on the Dr.

Hans Dragendorff – Wikipedia

Some large flagons were made at La Graufesenque by making the lower and upper bowl-shaped portions in moulds, and then joining these and adding the neck. Certainly it epitomised certain aspects of Roman taste and technical expertise. Retrieved 15 December Knorr ; Knorr ; Hermet Relief-decorated cups, some in lead-glazed wares, were produced at several eastern centres, and undoubtedly played a part in the technical and stylistic evolution of decorated Arretine, but Megarian bowls, cragendorff chiefly in Greece and Asia Minor, are usually seen as the most direct inspiration.

The polished surface can only be retained if fired within the low-fire range and will lose its shine if fired higher, but can still display an appealing silky quality. From the end of the 2nd century, the export of sigillata from Central Gaul rapidly, perhaps even abruptly, ceased.

Though it never achieved the extensive geographical distribution of the South Gaulish factories, in the provinces of Gaul and Britainsigilllata was by far the most common type of fine tableware, plain and decorated, in use during the 2nd century AD. Description Excerpt from Terra Sigillata: Though not all the kilns at this, or other, manufacturing sites were so large, the excavation of the grand four big kiln at La Graufesenque, which was in use in the late 1st and early 2nd century, confirms the scale of the industry.

Terra sigillata

The footring is low, and potters’ stamps are usually bowl-maker’s marks placed in the interior base, so that vessels made from the same, or parallel, moulds may bear different names.

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