One of the most important financial ratios is the Debt Service Coverage Ratio ( DSCR). Learn how to use this ratio & analyze the financials effectively. The debt service coverage ratio or DSCR is a financial ratio that measures a company’s ability to service its current debts by comparing its net operating income. Perhaps the most traditional calculation for DSCR, this formula divides cash flow by debt service: DSCR = Net Operating Income / Total Debt.

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Debt service coverage ratio DSCR essentially calculates the repayment capacity of a borrower.

Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR)

DSCR is a ratio of cash available to cash required for debt servicing. In other words, it is the ratio of the sufficiency of fformula to repay the debt.

We will understand the formula and its calculation below. Debt Service Coverage Ratio DSCRone of the coverage ratios, calculated in order to know the cash profit availability to repay the principal and interest. This ratio suggests the capability of cash profits to meet the repayment of the financial loan.

DSCR is very important from the viewpoint of the financing authority as it indicates a repaying capability of the entity taking a loan. DSCR is relevant only when it is seen for the entire remaining period of foormula loan. Calculation of DSCR is very simple. To calculate this ratio, following items from the financial statement are required:.


Profit after tax PAT. DepreciationMiscellaneous expenses are written off etc. Lease Rental for the current year. PAT is generally available readily on the face of the Profit and loss account.

Debt service coverage ratio – Wikipedia

It is the balance of the profit and loss account which is transferred to the reserve and surplus fund of the business. Noncash expenses are those expenses which are charged to the profit and loss account for which payment has already been done in the past years. Following are the noncash expenses:.

It dsvr the amount payable on the loan for the financial year under review.

It includes the payment towards principal for the financial year. Just calculating a ratio does not serve the purpose till DSCR is analyzed and interpreted properly. The result of a debt service coverage ratio is an absolute figure. Higher this figure better is the debt serving capacity.

It shows dzcr financial position of the company.

DSCR Ratio – Debt Service Coverage Ratio | Formula | Example

If the ratio is less than 1, it is considered bad because it simply indicates that the cash of the firm are not sufficient to service its debt obligations. The acceptable industry norm for a debt service coverage ratio is between 1. The ratio is dscg utmost use to lenders of money such as banks, financial institutions etc.


Objectives of any financial institution behind giving a loan to a business is earning interest vormula to make sure that principal amount remains secured. Does this mean that the bank should not extend loan?

It is because formuls bank will analyze the profit-generating capacity and business idea as a whole and if the business is strong in both of them; the DSCR can be improved by increasing the term of a loan. Increasing the term of the loan will reduce the denominator of the ratio and thereby enlarge the ratio to greater than 1.

Further, companies having higher DSCR can bargain for favorable terms for them, like lower rate of interest, less protective covenants or security etc. Truly for any loan this ratio is must.

He is passionate about keeping and making things simple and easy. Running this blog since and trying to explain “Financial Management Concepts in Fodmula Terms”. Thanks for explaining in simple terms. Further could you please clarify, for vormula Financial Institution is this a relevant metric for assessment or should we look at Interest service coverage ratio? For clarity on ISCR i.

Interest service coverage ratio check this https: