The driving engine behind this publicity campaign was Enrico Ferri himself. Ferri, “La Criminologia Italiana nei Congressi Internazionali di Bruxelles e di. Enrico Ferri (25 February – 12 April ) was an Italian criminologist, .. was coined in by Italian law professor Raffaele Garofalo as criminologia.

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Enrico Ferri

Enrico Ferri 25 February — 12 April was an Italian criminologistsocialist and student of Cesare Lombrosothe founder of the Italian school of criminology. While Lombroso researched the purported physiological factors that motivated criminals, Ferri investigated social and economic aspects. He served as editor of the socialist daily Avanti! Although at first he rejected the Italian dictator Benito MussoliniFerri criimnologia became one of Mussolini and his National Fascist Party ‘s main external supporters.

Ferri was born in Lombardy in[1] and worked first as a lecturer and later as a professor of Criminal lawhaving spent time as a student of Cesare Lombroso. While Lombroso researched anthropological criminologyFerri focused more on social and economic influences on the criminal and crime rates. Ferri’s research led to him postulating theories calling for crime prevention methods to be the mainstay of law enforcement, as opposed to punishment of criminals after their crimes had taken place.

He became a founder of the positivist schooland he researched psychological and social positivism as opposed to the biological positivism of Lombroso.


Ferri, at the time a radical enrkco, was elected to Italian Parliament in Inhe joined the Italian Socialist Criminologja [1] friminologia edited their daily newspaper, the Avanti. In and he spoke out in Congress against the roles of socialist ministers in bourgeoisie governments. In post-war Italy, he became a supporter of Mussolini’s Fascist regime. Ferri died in Ferri disputed Lombroso’s emphasis on biological characteristics of criminals; instead, he focused on the study of psychological characteristics, which he believed accounted for the development of crime in an individual.

These characteristics included slanghandwritingsecret symbols, literatureand artas well as moral insensibility crikinologia “a lack of repugnance to the idea and execution of the offence, previous to its commission, and fwrri absence of remorse after committing it”.

Ferri argued that sentiments such as religionlovehonourand loyalty did not contribute to criminal behaviour, as these ideas criminollgia too complicated to have a definite impact on a person’s basic moral sense, from which Ferri believed criminal behaviour stemmed.

File:PSM V52 D Enrico – Wikimedia Commons

Ferri argued that other sentiments, such as hatecupidityand vanity had greater influences as they held more control over a person’s moral sense. Ferri summarized his theory by defining criminal psychology as a “defective resistance to criminal tendencies and temptations, due to ffrri ill-balanced impulsiveness which characterises children and savages”.

Ferri often drew comparisons between socialism enrcio Darwinismand disputed particular works by Ernst Haeckel that highlighted contradictions between the two schools of thought. Ferri instead argued that Darwinism provided socialism its key scientific principles.


Ferri viewed religion and science as inversely proportional; thus as engico rose in strength, the other declined. Ferri observed that as Darwinism dealt a damaging blow to religion and the origins of the universe according to the churchso socialism rose in comparison.

File:PSM V52 D770 Enrico Ferri.jpg

Thus, Ferri argued that socialism was an extension of Darwinism and the theory of evolution. At the end of his life, he became one of the main supporters of Benito Mussolini. He started to consider fascism as an expression of socialist ideals, that fascism was the “affirmation of the state against liberal individualism”.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. San Benedetto PoLombardy—Venetia. RomeKingdom of Italy. Peacemaking criminology Positive psychology Recidivism Rehabilitation penology Reintegrative shaming Restorative justice Right realism Social integration Therapeutic jurisprudence.

Enrico Ferri – Wikipedia

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