In early Christian heresiology, the Panarion (Koine Greek: Πανάϕιον, Epifanio escribió en su obra El Panarion ( dC) que José fue padre de . Il divino senza veli: La dottrina gnostica della Lettera valentiniana’ di Epifanio, Panarion 31 Testo, traudzione e commento storico-religioso. L’impressione che ne ricavò Epifanio dovette essere di confusione o di voluta ambiguità: gli 8 Cfr. Epifanio, Panarion 77,20 (GCS , Holl/Dummer).

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John Chrysostom, Bishop of Constantinoplegave the monks shelter.

Retrieved from ” https: The final section covers the often quoted incident of the curtain, which unlike other passages attributed to Epiphanius and quoted by the Iconoclasts, is accepted as authentic by modern scholars: Scholars have marginalized or even dismissed the significance of this letter because the text is perceived to be in such a mangled state—the result of multiple recensions—that it lacks coherence and is thus not useful for understanding early Valentinian theology.

Such was Epiphanius’s reputation for learning that the Physiologusthe principal source of medieval bestiaries, came to be widely falsely attributed to him. A man of your uprightness should be careful to remove an occasion of offence unworthy alike of the Church of Christ and of those Christians who are committed to your charge.

One unique feature of the Panarion is in the way that Epiphanius compares the various heretics to different poisonous beasts, going so far as to describe in detail the animal’s characteristics, how it produces its poison, and how to protect oneself from the animal’s bite or poison.

Journal of Eastern Christian Studies. While there is a growing body of recent scholarship interested in studying Epiphanius in his own right, there is also a long-standing scholarly practice of mining his writings for information on those whom he condemned as heretics.


He noted that when travelling in Palestine he went into a church to pray and saw a curtain with an image of Christ or a saint which he tore down. He gained a reputation as a strong defender of orthodoxy. The Catholic Historical Review.

As a result of this persecution, four of these monks, the so-called Tall Brothers, fled to Palestine, and then travelled to Constantinople, seeking support and spreading the controversy. He upheld the position of Bishop Paulinuswho had the support of Rome, over that of Meletius of Antiochwho was supported by the Eastern Churches. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. During a visit to Palestine in orwhile preaching in Jerusalem, he attacked Origen ‘s followers and urged the Bishop of JerusalemJohn IIto condemn his writings.

He served as bishop for nearly forty years, as well as travelled widely to combat unorthodox beliefs.

Epiphanius of Salamis

While Epiphanius often let his zeal come before facts — he admits on one occasion that he writes against the Origenists based only on hearsay PanarionEpiphanius 71 — the Panarion is a valuable source of information on the Christian Church of the fourth century.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: He was ordained a priest, and lived and studied as superior of the monastery in Ad that he founded for thirty years and gained much skill and knowledge in that position. Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves. Epiphanius begins with the ‘four mothers’ of pre-Christian heresy — ‘barbarism’, ‘Scythism’, ‘Hellenism’ and ‘Judaism’ — and then addresses the sixteen pre-Christian heresies that have flowed from them: Epiphanius of Salamis Greek: Written between andit forms a handbook for dealing with the arguments of heretics.

Asking what place it was, and learning it to be a church, I went in to pray, and found there a curtain hanging on the doors of the said church, dyed and embroidered.


It bore an image either of Christ or of one of the saints; I do not rightly remember whose the image was. As soon as I heard this, I promised that I would give one, and said that I would send it at once. Vested as a bishop in omophorionsometimes holding a scroll. Epiphanius, by this time nearly 80, was one of those summoned, and began the journey to Constantinople.

This in turn suggests that the provenance of the letter might be better situated in the east, and because of its esoteric contents intended for an audience deeply familiar with the teachings of Valentinus. According to Ernst Kitzingerhe “seems to have been the first cleric to have taken up the matter of Christian religious images as a major issue”, and there has been much controversy over how many of the quotations attributed to him by the Byzantine Iconoclasts were actually by him.

Formats and Editions of The Panarion of Epiphanius of Salamis, Book I (Sects ) []

He was present at a synod in Antioch where the Trinitarian questions were debated against the heresy of Apollinarianism. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless. He is best known for composing the Panariona very large compendium of the heresies up to his own time, full of quotations that are often the only surviving fragments of suppressed texts. Views Read Edit View history. He suggests that much of the problem lies with the modern textual tradition of the Panarionin particular the epianio of Karl Holl, first published in Contact Contact Eifanio Help.