Microsoft Dynamics NAV rješenje je za upravljanje poslovanjem za male, srednje i velike tvrtke, posebno prilagođeno našem tržištu i zakonskim propisima. Glossary of terms. ERP – Enterprise Resource Planning – business applications designed for companies of all sizes and industries, which are used for planning. ERP as an enterprise-wide set of management tools that balance ERP sustavi nedovoljno iskorišteni u Hrvatskoj, SAP MAG, listopada.
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Enterprise resource planning ERP is the integrated management of core business xustavi, often in real-time and mediated by software and technology. ERP is usually referred to as a category of business- management software — typically a suite of integrated applications —that an organization can use to collect, store, manage, and interpret data from these many business activities.
ERP provides an integrated and continuously updated view of core business processes using common databases maintained by a database management system. ERP systems track business resources—cash, raw materialsproduction capacity —and the status of business commitments: The applications that make up the system share data across various departments manufacturing, purchasing, sales, accountingetc.
Enterprise system software is a multibillion-dollar industry that produces components supporting a variety of business functions. IT investments have become the largest category of capital expenditure in United States-based businesses over the past [ which?
The ERP system integrates varied organizational systems and facilitates error-free transactions and production, thereby enhancing the organization’s efficiency. However, developing an ERP system differs from traditional system development.
The Gartner Group first used the abbreviation ERP in the s   to extend upon the capabilities of material requirements planning MRPand the later manufacturing resource planning MRP II  as well as computer-integrated manufacturing.
Without replacing these terms, ERP came to represent a larger whole that reflected the evolution of application susyavi beyond manufacturing. Not all ERP packages developed from a manufacturing core; ERP vendors variously began assembling their packages with finance-and-accounting, maintenanceand human-resource components. By the mids ERP systems addressed all core ssustavi functions. Governments and non—profit organizations also began to use ERP systems.
ERP systems experienced rapid growth in the s.
Because of the year problem and the introduction of the euro that disrupted legacy systems, many companies took the opportunity to replace their old systems with ERP.
ERP systems initially focused on sustaiv back office functions that did not directly affect customers and the public. Front office functions, such as customer relationship management CRMdealt directly with customers, or e-business systems such as e-commercee-governmente-telecom, and e-finance —or supplier erpp management SRM became integrated later, when the internet simplified communicating with external parties.
Rather than just manage buying, selling, etc. Rather than confine ERP system capabilities within the organization, it goes beyond the corporate walls to interact with other systems. Enterprise application suite is an alternate name for such systems.
ERP II systems are typically used to enable collaborative initiatives such as supply chain management SCMcustomer relationship management CRMand business intelligence BI among business partner organizations through the use of various e-business technologies. Developers now make more effort to integrate mobile devices with the ERP system.
Technical stakes of modern ERP concern integration—hardware, applications, networking, supply chains. ERP now covers more functions and roles—including decision makingstakeholders’ relationships, standardizationtransparencyglobalizationetc. An ERP sustagi covers the following common functional areas.
Government resource planning GRP is the equivalent of an ERP for the public sector and an integrated office automation system for government bodies. Both system implementations, in private and public organizations, are adopted to improve productivity and overall business performance in organizations, but comparisons private vs. Most ERP systems incorporate best practices. This means the software reflects the vendor’s interpretation of the most effective way to perform each business process.
Systems vary in how conveniently the customer can modify these practices. They can also help comply with de facto industry standards, such as electronic funds transfer.
This is because the procedure can be readily codified within the ERP software and replicated with confidence across multiple businesses who share that business requirement. ERP systems connect to real—time data and transaction data in a variety of ways.
Factors Related to the Intended Use of Erp Systems
These systems are typically configured by systems integratorswho bring unique knowledge on process, equipment, and vendor solutions. Direct integration —ERP systems susfavi connectivity communications to plant floor equipment as part of their product offering. This requires that the vendors offer specific support for the plant floor equipment their customers operate.
ERP vendors must be experts in their own rrp and connectivity to other vendor products, including those of their competitors. Database xustavi —ERP systems connect to plant floor data sources through staging tables in a database. Plant floor systems deposit the necessary information into the database. The ERP system reads the information in the table. The benefit of staging is that ERP vendors do not need to master the complexities of equipment integration.
Connectivity becomes the responsibility of the systems integrator. An EATM eustavi the benefit of suatavi an off—the—shelf solution. Custom—integration solutions —Many system integrators offer custom solutions. These systems tend to have the highest level of initial integration cost, and can have a higher long term maintenance and reliability costs. Long term systavi can be minimized through careful system testing and thorough documentation.
Custom—integrated solutions typically run on workstation or server-class computers. ERP’s scope usually implies significant changes to staff work processes and practices. Modular ERP systems can be eep in stages. The typical project for a large enterprise takes about dustavi months and requires around consultants. Besides that, information processing influences various business functions e. This reduces inventory storage and increases delivery efficiency, and requires up-to-date data. Implementing ERP typically requires changes in existing business processes.
It is therefore crucial that organizations thoroughly analyze business processes before they implement ERP software. Analysis can identify opportunities for process modernization. It also enables an assessment suatavi the alignment of current processes with those provided by the ERP system. Research indicates that risk of business process mismatch is decreased by:. ERP implementation is considerably more difficult and politically charged in decentralized organizations, because they often have different processes, business rules, data semantics, authorization hierarchies, and decision centers.
A potential disadvantage is that adopting “standard” processes can lead to a loss of competitive advantage. While this has happened, losses in one area are often offset by gains in other areas, increasing overall competitive advantage. Suztavi an ERP system is largely a matter of balancing the way the organization wants the system to work with the way it was designed to sustavk. ERP systems typically include many settings that modify system operations.
For example, an organization can select the type of inventory accounting— FIFO or LIFO —to use; whether to recognize revenue by geographical unit, product line, or distribution channel; and whether to pay for shipping costs on customer returns.
Each independent center or subsidiary may have its own business modelsworkflowsand business processes. Given the realities of globalization, enterprises continuously evaluate how to optimize their regional, divisional, and product or manufacturing strategies to support strategic goals and reduce time-to-market while increasing profitability and delivering value.
Since these smaller companies’ processes and workflows are not tied to main company’s processes and workflows, they can respond to local business requirements in multiple locations.
Enterprise resource planning
ERP systems are theoretically based on industry best practices, and their makers intend that organizations deploy them “as is”. Technical solutions include rewriting part of the delivered software, writing a homegrown module to work within the ERP system, or interfacing to an external system.
These three options constitute varying degrees of system customization—with the first susgavi the most invasive and costly to maintain. Key differences between customization and configuration include:. ERP systems can be extended with third—party software, shstavi via vendor-supplied interfaces.
Data migration is the process of moving, copying, and restructuring data from an existing system to the ERP system. Migration is critical to implementation success and requires significant planning. Unfortunately, since migration is one of the final activities before the production phase, it often receives insufficient attention. The following steps can structure migration planning: Often, data migration is incomplete because some of the data in the existing system is either incompatible or not needed in the new system.
As such, the existing system may need to be kept as an archived database to refer back to once the new ERP system is in suwtavi. The most fundamental advantage of ERP is that the integration of myriad business processes saves time and expense.
Management can make decisions faster and with fewer errors.
Data becomes visible wrp the organization. Tasks that benefit from this integration include: The term “postmodern ERP” was coined by Gartner inwhen it first appeared in the paper series “Predicts “. The basic eerp is that there should still be a core ERP solution that would cover most errp business functions, while other functions will be covered by specialist software solutions that merely extend the core ERP.
This concept is similar to the so-called best-of-breed approach  to software implementation, but it shouldn’t be confused with it. While in both cases, applications that make up the whole are relatively loosely connected and quite easily interchangeable, in the case of the latter there is no ERP solution whatsoever. Instead, every business function is covered by a separate systavi solution. There is, however, no golden rule as to what business functions egp be part of the core ERP, and what should be covered by supplementary solutions.
According to Gartner, every company must define their own postmodern ERP strategy, based on company’s internal and external needs, operations and processes. For example, a company may define that the core ERP solution should cover those business processes that must stay behind the firewall, and therefore, choose to leave their core ERP on-premises.
At the same time, another company may decide to host the core ERP solution in the cloud and move only a few ERP modules as supplementary solutions to on-premises.
The main benefits that companies will gain from implementing postmodern ERP strategy are speed and flexibility when reacting to unexpected changes in business processes or on the organizational level. In addition to that, following the examples above, zustavi can select and combine cloud-based and on-premises solutions that are most suited for their ERP needs.
Enterprise resource planning – Wikipedia
The downside of postmodern ERP is that it will most likely lead to an increased number of software vendors that companies will have to manage, as well as pose additional integration challenges for the central IT. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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