Familia. Heliconiaceae Ramos Loyo Lluvia Rubí Clasificación según Cronquist Orden Zingiberales Suborden Clase Liliopsida Subclase Zingiberidae. Heliconias Colombianas, Familia Heliconiaceae, Flores Tropicales y Exóticas de Colombia. “Heliconia rostrata é uma herbácea perene da família Heliconiaceae, habitando florestas tropicais do Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Panamá, Brasil.

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Species accepted by Kew Botanic Gardens [4]. Heliconia stricta Dwarf Jamaican leaf. Heliconia the bracts are cymbiform and in Stenochlamys they are lanceolate-conduplicated.

Not to be confused with HelliconiaHeliconiusor Helicon. The macroglosine bat is the only known nocturnal pollinator of Heliconia solomonensis.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The flowers produce ample nectar that attracts pollinators, most prevalent of which are hummingbirds.

International Journal of Plant Sciences. It was found that many species of Heliconiaeven the newly colonized species, heeliconiaceae had many pollinators visit. Phylogeny of Zingiberales [12]. Heliconia solomonensis is pollinated by the macroglosine bat Melonycteris woodfordi in the Solomon Islands.

Retrieved from ” https: Hummingbirds are the main pollinators of flowers in the genus Heliconia order Zingiberales: Almost all species of Hispini beetles that use rolled leaves are obligate herbivores of plants of the order of Zingiberaleswhich includes Heliconia.

Botanical Review 46 4: The families of the monocotyledons. Hermits are a subfamily of Phaethornithinaeconsisting of the genera AnopetiaEutoxeresGlaucisPhaethornisRamphodon, and Threnetes. Heliconia and in H.

A phylogenetic approach 3rd ed. Phaethorninae 18 mya supports that these radiations have significantly influenced one another through evolutionary time.



At La Selva research station in Costa Rica it was found that specific species of Heliconia have specific hummingbird pollinators. In addition, the stems of the Heliconia leaves are not strong enough to carry the weight of typical bat predators, so shaking of the leaf alerts roosting bats to presence of predators.

Insects that inhabit the rolled leaves often feed upon the inner surfaces of the leaf, such as beetles of the family Chrysomelidae.

An anatomical approach to the classification of the Musaceae. Revista de Biologia Tropical 47 Oxford University Press, Oxford. They are characteristically long, oblong, alternate, or growing opposite heliconisceae another on non-woody petioles often longer than the leaf, often forming large clumps with age. For other uses, see Heliconia disambiguation.

Heliconiaceae – Wikispecies

The leaves in different positions on the plant have a different absorption potential of sunlight for photosynthesis when exposed to different degrees of sunlight. The highest amount of seed predation came from mammals.

Heliconia Musaceae – Heliconioideae. An identification key was made based on morphological and anatomical features.

Retrieved 14 October Alismatanae and Commelinanae except Gramineae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. Phylogeny of the Scitamineae – morphological and anatomical considerations. Calcium oxalate crystals in plants.

Heliconia solomonensis has green inflorescences and flowers that open at night, which is typical of bat pollinated plants.

Heliconia tortuosa – Wikipedia tiếng Việt

The growth habit of heliconias is similar to CannaStrelitziaand bananasto which they are related. Revision of Heliconia subgen. The origin of bract liquid in a Neotropical Heliconia species. Closeup of Heliconia vellerigera inflorescence. Heliconia rostratain a botanical garden, Costa Rica.


Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. The bract shape, associated with the distribution of the fiber bundles and with the size of the air canals were different in both studied subgenera. Insects living in the bracts often feed on the bract tissue, nectar of the flower, flower parts, other insects, microorganisms, or detritus in the water contained in the bract Siefert This bat roosts head up in the rolled young leaves of Heliconia plants.

Views Read Edit View history. Several cultivars and hybrids have been selected for garden planting, including:. The flowers can be hues of reds, oranges, yellows, and greens, and are subtended by brightly colored bracts.

The Heliconia are a monophyletic genus in the family Heliconiaceaebut was formerly included in the family Musaceaewhich includes the bananas e. This page was last edited on 7 Novemberat How to cite this article. They are very drought intolerant, but can endure some soil flooding. Systematic Biology 50 6: American Journal of Botany 48 1: For the crustacean appendage, see Lobster claw.